In programming, errors can occur while writing code. It could be due to syntactical or logical errors. The process of finding errors can be time-consuming and tricky and is called code debugging.

Fortunately, most modern browsers come with built-in debuggers. These debuggers can be switched on and off, forcing errors to be reported. It is also possible to set up breakpoints during the execution of code to stop execution and examine variables. For this one has to open a debugging window and place the debugger keyword in the JavaScript code. The code execution is stopped in each breakpoint, allowing developers to examine the JavaScript values and, resume the execution of code.

One can also use the console.log() method to print the JavaScript values in the debugger window.

const a = 5, b = 6;
const c = a + b;
// Result : c = 11;

Browser Developer Tools

Modern browsers come equipped with powerful developer tools that aid in debugging JavaScript, inspecting HTML and CSS, and monitoring network requests. Here's a brief overview of some essential tools:

Chrome DevTools: Google Chrome's developer tools offer a wide range of features for debugging web applications.

Firefox DevTools: Mozilla Firefox's developer tools are another excellent option, offering similar capabilities.

Microsoft Edge DevTools: For Microsoft Edge users, the built-in developer tools provide essential debugging features.

Safari Web Inspector: Safari's Web Inspector is a robust toolset for debugging and profiling web applications.

Using Breakpoints

Modern browsers offer developer tools with debugging capabilities. Set breakpoints to pause code execution and inspect variables and call stacks. Step through code to understand its flow. Browser Developer Tools

Browsers provide a set of developer tools that allow you to inspect HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You can access them by right-clicking on a web page and selecting "Inspect" or by pressing F12 or Ctrl+Shift+I. Key features include:

Console: View and interact with console output.

Elements: Inspect and modify the DOM.

Sources: Debug JavaScript with breakpoints and watch expressions.

Network: Monitor network requests and responses. Using debugger Statement

Insert the debugger statement in your code to create breakpoints programmatically. When the code encounters debugger, it will pause execution and open the browser's developer tools.

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