Object's property is a propertyName: propertyValue pair, where property name can be only a string. If it's not a string, it gets casted into a string. You can specify properties when creating an object or later. There may be zero or more properties separated by commas.

let language = {
  name: "JavaScript",
  isSupportedByBrowsers: true,
  createdIn: 1995,
  author: {
    firstName: "Brendan",
    lastName: "Eich",
  // Yes, objects can be nested!
  getAuthorFullName: function () {
    return + " " +;
  // Yes, functions can be values too!

The following code demonstrates how to get a property's value.

let variable =;
// variable now contains "JavaScript" string.
variable = language["name"];
// The lines above do the same thing. The difference is that the second one lets you use litteraly any string as a property name, but it's less readable.
variable = language.newProperty;
// variable is now undefined, because we have not assigned this property yet.

The following example shows how to add a new property or change an existing one.

language.newProperty = "new value";
// Now the object has a new property. If the property already exists, its value will be replaced.
language["newProperty"] = "changed value";
// Once again, you can access properties both ways. The first one (dot notation) is recommended.

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